The pea is a legume grown virtually worldwide for its edible seeds. While the origins of domesticated peas have not been definitely determined, the pea is one of the oldest cultivated crops. The wild plant is native to the Mediterranean region, and ancient remains dating to the late Neolithic Period have been found in the Middle East.
Source: Britannica, T. Editors of Encyclopaedia (2019, November 26). pea. Encyclopedia Britannica